Prospective Students

Biology Placement Test Topics

Biology Topics Required For BPT (Biology Placement Test)

(same topics required officially for grade-12 life science section)


Part I: Reproduction and Genetics

  • Basic Mechanisms Of Sexual Reproduction
  • Male and female reproductive systems
  • Diploid and haploid cells
  • Meiosis
  • Spermatogenesis
  • Oogenesis
  • Fertilization
  • Transmission Of Genes And Genetic Recombination
  • Hereditary traits and genes
  • Transmission of allelic genes
  • Inter- chromosomic recombination
  • Intra- chromosomic recombination
  • Genetic Variation And Polymorphism
  • Mutations and the environment
  • Mutations and multiple alleles
  • Polymorphic genes in a population
  • Detection of genetic polymorphism
  • Genatic identity of individuals
  • Human Genetics
  • Inheritance of genetic traits
  • Aytosomal diseases
  • Sex- linked diseases
  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Prenatal diagnosis

Part II: Immunology

  • Role And Components Of The Immune System
  • HLA: a major self- maker
  • Blood groups: another self- maker
  • The non- self
  • Cells of the immune system
  • Lymphoid organs
  • Antigen recognition by B lymphocytes
  • Antigen recognition by T lymphocytes
  • The Immune Response
  • Non- specific immune response
  • Specific immune response
  • Induction of the specific immune response
  • Role of TH in the specific immune response
  • Specific humoral immune response
  • Specific cell- mediated immune response
  • Immunological memory
  • Diagnostic applications of antibody properties
  • Disorders of the Immune System
  • Immuno- deficiencies
  • Hypersensitivities
  • Autoimmune diseases

Part III: Neurophysiology

  • Function Of Neurons
  • Resting potential
  • Action potential
  • Nerve impulse and action potential
  • Sensory receptor and nerve impulse
  • Synapses, structure and function
  • Integration properties of the nerve impulse
  • Myotatic Reflex
  • Maintaining posture
  • Anatomy of the reflex action
  • Reflex control
  • Motor Activity
  • Organization of the human encephalon
  • Exploring methods of the encephalon
  • Functions of the cerebral cortex
  • Voluntary movement
  • Neurotransmitters And Medical Applications
  • Neurotransmitters and membrane channels
  • Neurotransmitters and pain circuits
  • Disorders of the nervous system
  • Action of drugs on synapses

Part IV: Systems of Regulation

  • Regulation Of Glycemia
  • Glycemia, a biological constant
  • The liver, an effector organ in the regulation of glycemia
  • The pancreas and glycemia
  • Hypoglycemic system
  • Hyperglycemic system
  • Regulation of glycemia by feedback control
  • Regulation Of The Female Sexual Hormones
  • The sexual cycle
  • Cyclic evolution of the ovarian hormones
  • The hypothalamo-pituitary axis and ovarian secretions
  • Ovarian feedback control of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis
    • Birth Control
    • Contraceptive methods
    • Contragestive methods
    • Medically- assisted procreation